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Shot size / Grain size

Gunfinder Magazine

In shotgun cartridges, the shot size / grain size is indicated by the diameter of the individual shot grain in a shotgun cartridge. Instead of stating the diameter in mm directly, numbers are given, whereby - at least according to German understanding - the principles apply: "The larger the number, the smaller the grain size." & "Between two sizes, the diameter changes by approx. 0.25mm."

As a rule, shot sizes between 1.7mm and 4mm are used for hunting. Shot sizes over 4mm are often referred to as "posts". However, posts actually start at a diameter of 6mm.

Since there is a great variance in the designation of shot sizes internationally and confusion can arise due to the same designation of different sizes in different countries, a table is attached here to help provide an overview of the country-specific designations of shot sizes.

 

Shot diameter in mm Germany USA England France Holland Austria Sweden Switzerland Belgium
1,0   Dust              
1,25 12 12 Dust 12         12
1,5 11 11 12 11 12       11
1,7     11   11        
1,75 10 10 10 10 10     10 10
2,0   9 9 9 9 15 00 9 9
2,25 8 8 8 8 8 14 0   8
2,4   7,5 7   7 13      
2,5 7 7 6,5 7   12 1 8 7
2,75 6   5.5MG 6   11 2 7 KL6
2,8   6 5   K6        
2,85     4,5            
3,0 5 5 4 5 G6 10 3   GR6
3,25 4 4 3 4   9 4 6 5
3,5 3 3 2 3 4 or 5 8 5 5 4
3,65     1            
3,75 2 2 B 2 3 7 6 4 3
4,0 1 1 BB 1 0 or 1 6 7   2
4,25 0 B BBB 0 00 5 8 3 1
4,5 2/0 BB A = BBBB 00   4 9   0
4,75 3/0 BBB   000   2 10   2/0
5,0 4/0 0 AA 0000   1 11   3/0
5,25 5/0 00 AAA C9     12   4/0
5,5 6/0 000 SSSSSG = AAAA            
5,75     SSSSG            
6,0 Post6 Buck9              
6,25     SSSG C7 or C8          
6,5 Post5 Buck8              
6,85     SSG C6          
7,0 Item4 Buck7   C5          
7,5   Buck5 Spec.SG C4          
8,0 Post3 Buck4   C3          
8,5   Buck3 SG C2          
8,8     MG            
9,0 Post2 Buck2 LG            
9,65   Buck1              
10 Item1                

Here is a general overview of rifle and shotgun calibers

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